Idaho National Laboratory is in partnership with one of major energy producers to explore the benefits of hydrogen production.
Exelon Generation announced in an August 18 press release that it had received a Grant from the Department of Energy for a project to be carried out at the Nine Mile Point nuclear power plant in Oswego, New York.
Exelon is partnering with INL, Nel Hydrogen, Argonne National Laboratory and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory to demonstrate integrated hydrogen production, storage and normal use at the station, the statement said.
The project will generate an economical supply of hydrogen that will be captured, safely stored and potentially channeled to the energy market as a 100% carbon-free energy source for other purposes, including industrial applications such as transportation.
INL’s work on the project focuses on keeping hydrogen production costs low and creating an additional source of revenue for nuclear power plants.
“This partnership with DOE reflects our continued commitment to innovation and once again demonstrates the immense value of our nuclear fleet and its ability to deliver carbon-free power to the communities we serve,” said Dave Rhoades. , nuclear director of Exelon, in the press release. “Among our many options, we chose the New York site, recognizing the strong partnership we have had with the state, including support for nuclear power provided through the clean energy standard of the New York Public Service Commission.
A proton exchange membrane electrolyzer will be installed and will use the station’s existing hydrogen storage system and supporting infrastructure, the statement said. Installation and operation is expected to begin in 2022.
Nel Hydrogen said in an Aug. 11 press release that the purchase order for the project is approximately $ 2.6 million. The project is funded by the Office of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies of the Ministry of Energy, as part of the H2 @ Scale program.
The electrolyser performs electrolysis, which is an option for producing carbon-free hydrogen from renewable and nuclear resources, according to the US Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.
Electrolysis is the process of using electricity to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. The size of electrolysers can range from small equipment the size of a device well suited for small-scale distributed hydrogen production to large-scale central production facilities that could be directly related to forms of hydrogen production. electricity that is renewable or does not emit greenhouse gases. electricity production.
Shannon Bragg-Sitton, head of integrated energy systems at INL, said in an email that the laboratory has developed a high-level controller that can interface between the electrolyser, the nuclear power plant and the electricity network.
The lab used a simulation of the grid and historical electricity prices to optimize hydrogen production by running the production unit at scheduled times when electricity is cheapest, Bragg-Sitton said. This minimizes production costs and maximizes revenue from hydrogen production. INL will use simulations with this controller to understand the potential savings of increasing hydrogen production to around 300 tonnes (metric tonnes) per day.
“Hydrogen is a clean energy source that can be useful in a variety of industries as we focus on reducing carbon emissions,” Bragg-Sitton said in the email. the production of hydrogen on site a reality. In the future, advanced reactors as well as the current fleet could produce hydrogen when electricity demand is low, allowing reactors to operate at peak efficiency and providing them with another source of income. INL collaborates with companies that are working to mature this technology, providing support for the testing and demonstration of on-site hydrogen production in power plants.
The Associated Press reported on August 13 that hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe and can be used to slow the destructive environmental impact of the 1.2 billion vehicles on Earth, including the most burn gasoline and diesel.